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Der Stürmer (literally, "The Stormer") was a weekly newspaper published in Germany by Julius Streicher from 1923 to the end of World War II. It was a significant part of the NSDAP media and was strongly opposed to Jewish supremacism. Unlike the Völkischer Beobachter, the official party paper, the tabloid-style Der Stürmer often ran caricatures of Jews and once published a special edition on the history of Jewish ritual murder. The paper appealed to the masses, especially among the lower class; not unlike tabloids of today.
After the war, Streicher was tried at the Nuremberg trials for "crimes against humanity" i.e. criticizing the Jews. His publishing activities were a major part of the evidence presented against him.
Der Stürmer was noted for its cartoons, most of which portrayed Jews as ugly characters with exaggerated facial features and misshapen bodies. Philipp Rupprecht, known as Fips, was a popular cartoonist attacking both "Jewish capitalism" and "Jewish Communism".
At the bottom of the title page there was always the motto Die Juden sind unser Unglück! (The Jews are our misfortune!), coined by Heinrich von Treitschke in the 1880s. Below the nameplate was the motto Deutsches Wochenblatt zum Kampfe um die Wahrheit (Germany's Weekly Newspaper for the Fight for Truth.)
Some cartoons were re-used in the children's book Der Giftpilz.
Most of its readers were young people. Copies of der Stürmer were displayed in prominent display cases throughout the Reich. In 1927, it sold about 27,000 copies every week; by 1935, its circulation had reached around 480,000.
Hermann Göring forbade the Stürmer in all of his departments, and Baldur von Schirach banned it as a means of education in the Hitlerjugend (Hitler Youth).
Other senior party officials however — including Heinrich Himmler (Head of the SS), Robert Ley (Leader of the German Labour Front), and Max Amann (Proprietor of the Zentral Verlag, comprising 80 percent of the German press in 1942) — endorsed the publication. Their statements were often published in Der Stürmer. Albert Forster, Gauleiter of Danzig (Gdańsk), wrote in 1937:
"With pleasure I say that the Stürmer, more than any other daily or weekly newspaper, has made clear to the people in simple ways the danger of Jewry. Without Julius Streicher and his Stürmer, the importance of a solution to the Jewish question would not be seen to be as critical as it actually is by many citizens. It is therefore to be hoped that those who want to learn unvarnished truth about the Jewish question will read the Stürmer."
Hitler considered the paper's ‘primitive methods’ to be effective in influencing the man on the street and insisted that Streicher receive sufficient support to continue publishing Der Stürmer. A senior party official commented on Hitler’s view of the paper:
"Anti-Semitism … was beyond question the most important weapon in his (Hitler's) propagandist arsenal, and almost everywhere it was of deadly efficiency. That was why he had allowed Streicher, for example, a free hand. The man’s stuff, too, was amusing, and very cleverly done. Wherever, he wondered, did Streicher get his constant supply of new material? He, Hitler, was simply on thorns to see each new issue of the Stürmer. It was the one periodical that he always read with pleasure, from the first page to the last".
Dernière modification par Dejuificator II (03-11-2015 21:53:45)
Dernière modification par Dejuificator II (03-11-2015 19:17:03)